The Mont Albert District - a Pictorial History 1830 to 2013

1850s - Parish of Nunawading

Indigenous Heritage
Geology and Topography
Vegetation and Fauna
Climate and Hydrology
1840s to 1870s
1850s - Parish of Nunawading
1852 - Whitehorse Inn
1861 - Postal Services
1880s - Electricity Supply
1880s to 1920s
1882 - Phantom Railways to Doncaster
1883 - Residential Heritage Precinct
1884 - Broughton Park subdivsion
1884 - Brickworks
1885 - Surrey Hills district - map
1888 - Football Clubs
1889 - Gas Supply and Gasworks
1889 - Doncaster Electric Tramway and Tower
1890 - Mont Albert Railway Station
1892 - Surrey Hills Golf Club
1892 - Water Supply, Reservoirs and Sewerage
1899 - Telephone Services
1905 - The Surrey Dive
1907 - Scouts and Guides
1912 - Mont Albert Village Shopping Precinct
1914 - Mont Albert Progress Association
1916 - Californian Bungalows
1917 - Schools
1917 - Wattle Park
1924 - Early Shortwave Broadcasting from the Surrey Hills district
1924 - Black's Estate
1925 - Bus Services
1929 - Tramways
1930 - Cricket Clubs in Mont Albert
1930s - Balwyn - Beckett Park Bonfires and Wildlife Sanctuary
1948 - Grange Tennis Courts
1957 - Pioneer Park
1961 - Surrey Hills Communications Tower
1981 - Box Hill Miniature Railway
Koonung Creek Parklands
Heritage Notes
Mont Albert Road - Early History
Mont Albert Rd - the East End
Elgar Rd - north and south of Mont Albert Rd
Mont Albert Rd - View St to Elgar Rd
Bushland Reserves
Service Associations
Sporting Clubs
Box Hill Institute of TAFE
Walking Trails
The Author's Websites
References and Acknowledgements

This Survey Map of 1864 shows the land holdings in the Parish of Nunawading. Clicking on the map will display a very large image, in amazing detail!

1864 - Parish of Nunawading


This is an overview  of the origins of the first settlements in the Whitehorse district, which were concentrated around  the present-day Box Hill area.

Nunawading is a residential suburb 18 km. east of Melbourne between Box Hill and Ringwood. Nunawading was first the name of a parish bounded on the north by the Koonung Creek, on the east by the Dandenong Creek and Ringwood, on the south by Highbury Road and on the west by Boundary (Warrigal) Road, adjoining Camberwell. The parish contained the areas now known as Box Hill, Blackburn, Forest Hill, Mitcham, Vermont and part of Burwood/Burwood East.

The Nunawading name was liberally used around the parish for various schools. In 1856 a school was opened in the Ballyshannassay village in the south-west of the parish and called Nunawading for nine years. Its later name was Burwood. In 1861 a school was opened on the border of Nunawading and Mulgrave parishes, to serve both areas. It was called Nunawading for 38 years before becoming Burwood East.

Three other short-lived schools (1858-94), in the Box Hill area were named Nunawading. The name is thought to be derived from an Aboriginal word numphawading, meaning a ceremonial ground or battlefield.

The Shire of Nunawading, created on 4 May, 1872, comprised the parish. On 26 May, 1925, the shire was divided into two, the Blackburn and Mitcham shire in the east and the remainder renamed the Box Hill borough on 23 December, 1925.

Nunawading as a municipal name fell from view for twenty years until the Blackburn and Mitcham shire was proclaimed the City of Nunawading on 12 April, 1945. Neither had Nunawading been a township name. The area now known as Nunawading was Tunstall, and remained so until 1945.

Tunstall township was at the intersection of Springvale and Whitehorse Roads. The clearing of the land for firewood and agriculture pursuits had revealed deposits of clay. In the 1870s bricks and clay products were being produced, which had better access to markets when the Tunstall station was opened in 1886, four years after the railway line was extended from Camberwell to Lilydale.

The name Tunstall derives from this activity, as Tunstall, England, was famed for its potteries. Clay products and orchards co-existed into the early twentieth century.

Arundel Wrighte took up a pastoral lease of 315 acres on land which he had previously explored in the Bushy Creek area East of Elgar Rd. He erected his house on Bushy Creek near what is now Shannon Street Box Hill North (East of Station Street and towards Goulburn Street).

1841 Henry Elgar purchased 5120 Acres of land, for one pound per acre under regulations of the Land and Emigration Commission in London. The land was known as Elgar’s Survey and was bounded by Burke, Canterbury, Elgar Roads and Koonung Creek.

There was increased demands for timber, wooded slopes were stripped by timber cutters of fhe original woodland and cleared of red gum, casarina, banksia ,wattle.

George and William Bennett occupy land on the East bank of Gardiners Creek, South of Burwood Hwy.

Thomas Toogood took up a Pastoral lease on Koonung Creek.

The Ellingworth family arrived in Box Hill and settled at the SE corner of Whitehorse Road and Station Street, Box Hill.

Naming of a suburb - in 1860, Box Hill received its name at a public meeting Silas Padgham’s nomination was selected. He was born at Dorking, at the foot of Box Hill, Surrey, England

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